Types of Wood Planes

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types of wood planes

Types Of Wood Planes

Different types of wood planes all do their particular jobs and can be used for other jobs. Each has its advantages and disadvantages.

Scrub Planes
Let’s take a look at the three main types of scrub planes. Scrub planes are used for the rapid removal of large pieces of stock by hand. These planes are generally relatively narrow and very short and usually come with very thick blades to handle the stress associated with heavy planing. A handful of woodworkers would consider this type of plane to a cross between a bench plane and a chisel.

Hip Plane
Hip planes are popular for a variety of applications, including finishing, polishing, etc. These planes often have a high back and have a high angle of attack, resulting in less chatter and less damage to the wood but more work.

Curved Cylinder Plane: These are the most common, the most widely used, and the most well known of the types of wood planes. Often the most expensive, these planes are usually double or triple-hulled (or more), and the back of the blade is generally raised above the lower front of the blade. This gives the wood a much greater degree of flexibility.

Rotary Planes:
Often mistaken for an axe, these planes are much longer, broader, and more robust, and they are designed to turn in a circular motion. Rotary planes are more suitable for wood that is denser than most because the blade does not rotate rapidly enough to cause damage. These planes are also often used for construction where the edge is cut into the lumber in sections, and the cells are later glued together as a unit for use as a board.

One important point to note is that some types of wood, such as cedar, will not work with any scrub planes. As an example, if you were to try to work on cedar, you would have to use a “Jumbo” chisel as a replacement for your bench plane.

Wood comes in different grains and thicknesses, and the grain will affect how the grain is carried across the wood. So if you are working on a cedar board, then a high grain of cedar will cause the grain to appear as if it is slanted towards the outside of the board, making the board look more like a strip rather than a straight line. The wood grain can be used to give the board a unique and personal appearance to it.

Wood tends to age differently. It would be best if you looked out for signs of this aging process when taking out old boards. If there are some holes or splits in the wood (for example), this is one sign that the wood is over-aging and should not be treated or planned to repair.

It is best not to work on the very wet wood, and dry timber can tend to chip very easily. You should also not work on too old boards, since this may result in splitting and warping. Sometimes it can be hard to judge the condition of wood in pieces, so it is best to take a few pieces of the board and put them together. This will help to make the board look a bit more uniform.

A lot of people don’t realize that wood can sag and expand, so if you are working on a considerably older board, you may have a problem. Of course, this is why taking out old boards is essential as well, because the board may be too weak or old to be able to support.

It is a good idea to take a couple of pieces of the board and place them on the table so that you can see where it all will sit on the table first. It is also a good idea to try the wood on the table surface with a hammer first. This way, you can see how the wood feels on the surface.

If you’re looking for new wooden planes, there are many places online where you can find some great deals. Some of the best deals on these planes are now available on auction sites. You may also find great deals through the mail but don’t count on finding the exact plane you want.

Hand Planes For Woodworking - Types & Sizes


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